|Florida, the fourth most populous state is the US, is situated in the southeastern part of the US. Alabama is at its northwest border while Georgia is at its northeast border. The state has a long coastline with its western and southern sides facing the Gulf of Mexico and the eastern side opening up in the Atlantic Ocean making it a large peninsula. The total land area of the state is 65,795 square miles and the approximate population according to a 2008 estimate is 18,328,340. Florida is one of the most densely populated state of the United States with an average 338 persons living in a square mile. Britton Hill is the highest point in the state with a height of 345 ft whereas the lowest point is at the Atlantic Ocean. The state has a humid subtropical climate in its most part with the exception of southern part, which has a tropical climate. The peninsula was discovered by a Spanish conquistador in 1513, who named it after Pascua Florida, a Spanish term for the "Flowery Easter" season. In 1845, Florida was included into the Union and was made the 27th state of the US. Jacksonville is the largest city followed by Miami, a popular destination for beach lovers. The capital of the state is Tallahassee.