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Foreclosure Laws

Foreclosure Laws for every state vary, as there is the difference between the processing time, security instrument etc. For every foreclosure law primary instrument of security can be Deed of Trust, Mortgage, either of these two or both. In most of the states when mortgage is used as a foreclosure instrument the process of foreclosure is judicial and for deed of trust it is non-judicial.

Judicial Foreclosure process according to the foreclosure law demands the involvement of court for the Decree of Sale. In this case foreclosure lawsuit is filed in the court against the borrower for the non-payment of Home Mortgage Loan . Court then gives some period to the defaulter, the time period again depends upon the different state foreclosure laws, to make the payment so that the process of foreclosure can be stopped. But in case defaulter does not make the payment of home loan then the court will order to go for the foreclosure auction.

Under Non-Judicial Foreclosure process there exist different time period and ways of publication of notice of sale. This all happens according to the foreclosure law for that particular state. In this case Power of Sale clause exist in the deed of trust, which may or may not state the procedure of foreclosure. Power of sale clause is a sort of pre-authorization that is given to the mortgage lender to initiate the process of foreclosure auction if there is any default in the payment. In case the procedure of the foreclosure has been defined then it will occur according to that. But if it has not been defined then proper procedure that will consist of sending notice of intent to the borrower, sending notice of default and publishing the notice of sale in the newspaper of the county, where property is located, is done. This procedure of the foreclosure is state specific and defined by the state foreclosure law.

Then Foreclosure auction takes place on the specified date, time and place. It can be done by
  • Sheriff
  • Deputy Sheriff
  • Trustee (representative of the lender)
Again having or not having right and period of redemption and deficiency judgment is the state specific, which is defined by the state foreclosure law. In each state and city there are many foreclosure law firms that have team of professional attorneys and lawyers. These experts can help you in stopping the foreclosure by handling the legal work. Then there also exist non-profit organizations in each state that give free consultation on home foreclosure law and help you in finding solution to the problem.

For more information on the state foreclosure law and lawsuit you can check the state wise pages on foreclosure law. For more information on foreclosure process, check our web page on US Real Estate Foreclosure and if you are interested in buying a foreclosed home then find info on How to Buy Foreclosures.
Foreclosure Laws in States of USA

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