|Idaho is the 14th largest state of the United States in terms of land area, which is 83,642 square miles. It shares borderlines with six US states and one Canadian province. While the states of Oregon and Washington are to the western side of Idaho, Wyoming and Montana are to the east. To the south of the state is Utah and Nevada whereas towards northern border, it touches Canadian province of British Columbia. It is a mountainous region with lots of landscaping features. There are snow-capped mountains, vast lakes and steep canyons all around to offer an abundance of scenic views to the visitors. Hells Canyon, the deepest canyon in the US, is located here. Borah Peak is the highest point with a height of 12,662 feet while Snake River is the lowest with a depth of 710 feet. The state is also rich in natural resources and is particularly famous for garnets, a kind of gemstones. Idaho is the only place in the world where six pointed star garnets are found and because of this reason, it is nicknamed as the Gem State. Idaho became the 43rd state of the US in the year 1890. Boise is the capital and the largest city of the state.